Please wait a minute...
J Mater Sci Technol  1999, Vol. 15 Issue (06): 548-550    DOI:
Research Articles Current Issue | Archive | Adv Search |
Determination of Particle Sizes and Crystalline Phases on Colloidal Silicon Nanoparticle Suspensions
S.M. Scholz, H. Hofmann
Powder Technology Laboratory, Department of Materials Science, Swiss Federal Institiute of Technology Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Download:  HTML  PDF(240KB) 
Export:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
Abstract  Particle size and crystallinity of silicon nanoparticles were determined by analyzing the optical extinction spectra of colloidal suspensions. Experimental results from these colloids were analyzed using Mie theory in connection with effective medium theory, in order to determine particle sizes and their internal structure with the simple technique of optical transmission spectroscopy. By modeling an effective refractive index for the particles, the crystalline volume fraction can be extracted from extinction spectra in addition to information about the size. The crystalline volume fraction determined in this way were used to calibrate the ratio of the Raman cross sections for nanocrystalline and amorphous silicon, which was found to be σc/σa=0.66.
Key words:       
Received:  01 April 1999     
Corresponding Authors:  H. Hofmann     E-mail:

Cite this article: 

S.M. Scholz, H. Hofmann. Determination of Particle Sizes and Crystalline Phases on Colloidal Silicon Nanoparticle Suspensions. J Mater Sci Technol, 1999, 15(06): 548-550.

URL:     OR

[1] Van de Hulst, H.C.: Ligth Scattering by Small Particles, Dover Publications Inc., New York, 1981.
[2] M. Anderson, A. Iline and F. Thager: Appl.Organometallic Chem., 1998, 12.
[3] S.M.Scholz, R.Vacassy, J.Dutta, H.Hofmann andM.Akinc: J. Appl. Phys., 1997, 83, 7860.
[4] S.M.Scholz, R.Vacassy, J.Dutta and H.Hofmann:Appl. Organometallic Chem., 1998, 12, 327.
[5] E.D.Palik and A.Addamiano: Handbook of OpticalConstants oI Solids, ed. by E.D. Palik, AcademicPress, Orlando, 1985.
[6] D.E.Aspnes: J. Phys. Paris C, 1983, 10, 3.
[7]J.Dutta, W.S.Bacsa and Ch. Hollenstein: J. Appl.Phys., 1995, 77, 3729.
[8] C. Bossel, J.Dutta, R.Houriet, J.Hilborn andH.Hofmann: Mater. Sci. and Eng., 1995, A204, 107.
[9] Ch.Hollenstein, J.-L.Dorier, J.Dutta, L.Sansonnensand A.A.Howling: Plasma Sources Sci. Technol.,1994, 3, 278.
[10] K.A.Littau, P.J.Szajowski, A.J.Muller, A.R.Kortanand L.E.Brus: J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 1224.
[11] S.M.Scholz, J.Dutta, H.Hofmann and H.Hofmeister:J. Miter. Sci. Technol., 1997, 13, 327.
[12] R.Houriet, J.Dutta and H.Hofmann: Proc. of 6thEuro. Conf. on Applications of Surface & InterfaceAnalysis, Wiley & Sons, Chichester and New York,1996, 491.
[13] M.H.Brodsky M.Cardona and J.J.Coumo: Phys.Rev., 1977, B16, 3556.
[14] T.Kaneko, K.Onisawa, M.Wakagi, Y.Kita andT.Minemura: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 1993, 32, 4907.
[15] R.Tsu, J.Gonzalez-Hernandez, S.Chao, S.Lee andK.Tanaka: Appl. Phys. Lett., 1982, 40, 534.L
[1] Zhao-Qi Zhang, Rong-Chang Zeng, Cun-Guo Lin, Li Wang, Xiao-Bo Chen, Dong-Chu Chen. Corrosion resistance of self-cleaning silane/polypropylene composite coatings on magnesium alloy AZ31[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 43-55.
[2] Yanjin Lu, Xiongcheng Xu, Chunguang Yang, Ling Ren, Kai Luo, Ke Yang, Jinxin Lin. In vitro insights into the role of copper ions released from selective laser melted CoCrW-xCu alloys in the potential attenuation of inflammation and osteoclastogenesis[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 56-67.
[3] Jiajie Li, Xiangyun Huang, Liangliang Zeng, Bo Ouyang, Xiaoqiang Yu, Munan Yang, Bin Yang, Rawat Rajdeep Singh, Zhenchen Zhong. Tuning magnetic properties, thermal stability and microstructure of NdFeB magnets with diffusing Pr-Zn films[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 81-87.
[4] Pengfei Zhang, Yunchang Xin, Ling Zhang, Shiwei Pan, Qing Liu. On the texture memory effect of a cross-rolled Mg-2Zn-2Gd plate after unidirectional rolling[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 98-104.
[5] C. Yang, J.F. Zhang, G.N. Ma, L.H. Wu, X.M. Zhang, G.Z. He, P. Xue, D.R. Ni, B.L. Xiao, K.S. Wang, Z.Y. Ma. Microstructure and mechanical properties of double-side friction stir welded 6082Al ultra-thick plates[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 105-116.
[6] Yanmei Zheng, Yuanyuan Liu, Xinli Guo, Zhongtao Chen, Weijie Zhang, Yixuan Wang, Xuan Tang, Yao Zhang, Yuhong Zhao. Sulfur-doped g-C3N4/rGO porous nanosheets for highly efficient photocatalytic degradation of refractory contaminants[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 117-126.
[7] Miao Cao, Qi Zhang, Ke Huang, Xinjian Wang, Botao Chang, Lei Cai. Microstructural evolution and deformation behavior of copper alloy during rheoforging process[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 42(0): 17-27.
[8] Qiang Lu, Kai Li, Haonan Chen, Mingjun Yang, Xinyue Lan, Tong Yang, Shuhong Liu, Min Song, Lingfei Cao, Yong Du. Simultaneously enhanced strength and ductility of 6xxx Al alloys via manipulating meso-scale and nano-scale structures guided with phase equilibrium[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 139-148.
[9] Ze-Tian Liu, Bing-Yu Wang, Cheng Wang, Min Zha, Guo-Jun Liu, Zhi-Zheng Yang, Jin-Guo Wang, Jie-Hua Li, Hui-Yuan Wang. Microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Mg-Si alloy fabricated by a short process based on sub-rapid solidification[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 178-186.
[10] Edson Cezar Grzebielucka, João Frederico Haas Leandro Monteiro, Eder Carlos Ferreira de Souza, Christiane Philippini Ferreira Borges, André Vitor Chaves de Andrade, Eloísa Cordoncillo, Héctor Beltrán-Mir, Sandra Regina Masetto Antunes. Improvement in varistor properties of CaCu3Ti4O12 ceramics by chromium addition[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 12-20.
[11] Emese Lantos, László Mérai, Ágota Deák, Juan Gómez-Pérez, Dániel Sebők, Imre Dékány, Zoltán Kónya, László Janovák. Preparation of sulfur hydrophobized plasmonic photocatalyst towards durable superhydrophobic coating material[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 159-167.
[12] Wei Xu, Xin Lu, Jingjing Tian, Chao Huang, Miao Chen, Yu Yan, Luning Wang, Xuanhui Qu, Cuie Wen. Microstructure, wear resistance, and corrosion performance of Ti35Zr28Nb alloy fabricated by powder metallurgy for orthopedic applications[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 191-198.
[13] Bassem Barkia, Pascal Aubry, Paul Haghi-Ashtiani, Thierry Auger, Lionel Gosmain, Frédéric Schuster, Hicham Maskrot. On the origin of the high tensile strength and ductility of additively manufactured 316L stainless steel: Multiscale investigation[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2020, 41(0): 209-218.
[14] Yang Huijun, Liu Yong, Zhang Teng, Wang Hengpeng, Tang Bin, Qiao Junwei. Dry Sliding Tribological Properties of a Dendrite-reinforced Zr-based Bulk Metallic Glass Matrix Composite[J]. J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 2014, 30(6): 576-583.
[15] Bin Gan, Jeffrey M. Wheeler, Zhongnan Bi, Lin Liu, Jun Zhang, Hengzhi Fu. Superb cryogenic strength of equiatomic CrCoNi derived from gradient hierarchical microstructure[J]. 材料科学与技术, 2019, 35(6): 957-961.
No Suggested Reading articles found!
ISSN: 1005-0302
CN: 21-1315/TG
About JMST
Privacy Statement
Terms & Conditions
Editorial Office: Journal of Materials Science & Technology , 72 Wenhua Rd.,
Shenyang 110016, China
Tel: +86-24-83978208

Copyright © 2016 JMST, All Rights Reserved.