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Co-based Amorphous/Nanocrystalline Composite Coatings Deposited by Arc Ion Plating

Zhengkai Chang, Jun Gong, Chao Sun   

  1. State Key Laboratory for Corrosion and Protection, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shenyang 110016, China
  • Received:2012-07-11 Revised:2012-09-18 Online:2013-09-30 Published:2013-08-22
  • Contact: Chao Sun


Cobalt-based amorphous/nanocrystalline composite coatings have been grown by arc ion plating together with a specimen cooling system. With decreasing substrate temperature, the coatings undergo significant structure evolution. The degree of crystallization first decreases and subsequently increases as confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The cluster size first decreases and then remains constant as confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. The effect of substrate temperature on the evolution of the structure has been studied as a result of a competition between nucleation thermodynamics and kinetics of crystalline growth. With decreasing the substrate temperature, the microhardness and the critical load of the composite coatings firstly increased, and then remained almost constant. And the saturation magnetization revealed the opposite trend over the same range. The essence of these phenomena was ascribed to the microstructural variations caused by the decrease of the substrate temperature.

Key words: Amorphous/nanocrystalline composite coatings, Arc ion plating, Thermodynamics, Kinetics, Microhardness, Critical load