J. Mater. Sci. Technol. ›› 2022, Vol. 123: 222-233.DOI: 10.1016/j.jmst.2022.01.023

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Built in electric field boosted photocatalytic performance in a ferroelectric layered material SrBi2Ta2O9 with oriented facets: Charge separation and mechanism insights

Biru Liaoa,b, Xiaomin Liaob, Huiyuan Xieb, Yuanchu Qinb, Yi Zhua,c,*(), Yang Yub, Sen Houb, Yuanming Zhanga, Xiaoyun Fanb,**()   

  1. aCollege of Chemistry and Materials Science, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    bGuangdong Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Health, School of Environment, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
    cGuangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Functional Supramolecular Coordination Materials and Applications, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China
  • Received:2021-10-09 Revised:2022-01-10 Accepted:2022-01-15 Published:2022-10-01 Online:2022-09-30
  • Contact: Yi Zhu,Xiaoyun Fan
  • About author:**E-mail addresses: xyfan@jnu.edu.cn (X. Fan).
    *College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Jinan Uni- versity, Guangzhou 510632, China. E-mail addresses: tzhury@jnu.edu.cn (Y. Zhu)


Antibiotics have received increasing attention due to their potential adverse effects on aquatic life and human health. How to efficiently degrade them into harmless substances is a challenging subject. Ferroelectric materials with a built-in electric field can offer a strong separation ability for the photoinduced-charge pairs and are now found to be used as photocatalysts. Herein, a series of different morphologies of SrBi2Ta2O9 ferroelectric photocatalysts with high antibiotic degradation efficiency have been successfully synthesized through a molten salt method. With the addition of KCl, SrBi2Ta2O9 (SBTO 3) with exposed (001) facets shows the most excellent photocatalytic activity for decomposing tetracycline (TC) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) under visible light illumination (λ > 420 nm). The rate constants of SBTO 3 for TC and CIP degradation are 1.38 × 10-1 and 4.54 × 10-2 min-1, which are 18 and 138 times that of the unmodified sample, respectively. The enhancement of photocatalytic performance is mainly attributed to the spontaneous polarization electric field along the [001] direction which provides a strong driven force for the separation of photoinduced charges. The KPFM results also confirm that the superior photocatalytic activity is consistent with the big large surface potential changes before and after light irradiation. The possible degradation pathways and intermediates of TC and CIP were well analyzed by DFT calculation and LC-MS. The results highlight that morphology control of the ferroelectric materials exhibits enhanced photocatalytic performance for the degradation of the antibiotic.

Key words: SrBi2Ta2O9, Morphology, Ferroelectric, Photocatalysis, Antibiotics, Built-in electric field