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J. Mater. Sci. Technol.  2018, Vol. 34 Issue (10): 1919-1924    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmst.2018.02.005
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Direct growth of graphene on vertically standing glass by a metal-free chemical vapor deposition method
Zhongtao Chena, Xinli Guoa(), Long Zhua, Long Lib, Yuanyuan Liua, Li Zhaoa, Weijie Zhanga, Jian Chena, Yao Zhanga, Yuhong Zhaoc()
aJiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 211189, China
bYinbang Clad Material Co., Ltd, Wuxi, 214145, China
cCollege of Materials Science and Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan, 030051, China
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Abstract  

A new method to directly grow graphene on quartz glass substrate by atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition (CVD) without using any catalyst was developed. The prime feature of this method is to build a vertical-glass model in the quartz tube to significantly increase the collision probability of the carbon precursors and reactive fragments between each other with the glass surface. The growth rate of high-quality graphene on glass remarkably increases compared with the conventional gas flow CVD technique. The optical transmittance and sheet resistance of the graphene glass can be readily adjusted by regulating growth time. When growth time is 35 min, the graphene glass presents an intriguing sheet resistance of about 1.48 kΩ sq-1 at a transmittance of 93.08% and exhibits an excellent hydrophobic performance. The method is simple and scalable, and might stimulate various potential applications of transparent and conductive graphene glass in practical fields.

Key words:  Graphene      Glass      Chemical vapor deposition      Metal-free      Sheet resistance     
Received:  18 October 2017      Published:  01 November 2018

Cite this article: 

Zhongtao Chen, Xinli Guo, Long Zhu, Long Li, Yuanyuan Liu, Li Zhao, Weijie Zhang, Jian Chen, Yao Zhang, Yuhong Zhao. Direct growth of graphene on vertically standing glass by a metal-free chemical vapor deposition method. J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 2018, 34(10): 1919-1924.

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http://www.jmst.org/EN/10.1016/j.jmst.2018.02.005     OR     http://www.jmst.org/EN/Y2018/V34/I10/1919

Fig. 1.  Schematic illustration of graphene growth on glass substrate by vertical-glass model (The inset shows the vertical glass substrate set up).
Fig. 2.  SEM image of graphene on a quartz glass with growth time of 25 min (a) and 35 min (b). The bright area corresponds to the bare substrate made by a scratch.
Fig. 3.  High-magnification SEM images of graphene islands on glass surface with growth time of 15 min (a), 25 min (b), 35 min (c) and 45 min (d).
Fig. 4.  Representative Raman spectra of directly-grown graphene on glasses with different growth time.
Fig. 5.  AFM images of graphene grown on quartz glasses with growth time of 15 min (a), 25 min (b), 35 min (c) and 45 min (d) and corresponding line profiles.
Fig. 6.  UV-vis spectra of graphene films grown on quartz glass with different growth time and corresponding sheet resistance.
Fig. 7.  Raman spectra of directly-grown graphene on horizontal glass configuration with different growth times.
Fig. 8.  Photographs of bare glass (left) and graphene glass (right, growth time of 35 min) with drops of water (a), contact angles of water droplets on pristine glass (b) and graphene glass with growth time of 15 min (c), 25 min (d), 35 min (e), 45 min (f).
Fig. 9.  Photographs of assembled electrode device (a), lighted up blue LED indictor through transparent conductive glass (b) and water droplet (~5 μL) disappearing in about 5 min under 30 V input voltage (c).
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