J. Mater. Sci. Technol. ›› 2020, Vol. 49: 211-223.DOI: 10.1016/j.jmst.2020.02.032

• Research Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Phase transformation and structural evolution in a Ti-5at.% Al alloy induced by cold-rolling

Bingqiang Weia, Song Nia, Yong Liua, Xiaozhou Liaob, Min Songa,*()   

  1. a State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
    b School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
  • Received:2019-11-25 Revised:2020-01-02 Accepted:2020-01-09 Published:2020-07-15 Online:2020-07-17
  • Contact: Min Song


The phase transformation, deformation mechanism and their correlation in a cold-rolled Ti-5at.%Al alloy were investigated. Two types of phase transformations from a hexagonal close-packed (HCP) structure to a face-centered cubic (FCC) structure were observed: the basal-type (B-type) with an orientation relationship of $<1\bar{2}\text{10}{{\text{}}_{\text{HCP}}}<1\bar{1}\text{0}{{\text{}}_{\text{FCC}}}$ and {0001}HCP//{111}FCC, and the prismatic-type (P-type) with an orientation relationship of $<1\bar{2}\text{10}{{\text{}}_{\text{HCP}}}<1\bar{1}\text{0}{{\text{}}_{\text{FCC}}}$ and ${{\text{ }\!\!\{\!\!\text{ 10}\bar{1}\text{0 }\!\!\}\!\!\text{ }}_{\text{HCP}}}\text{// }\!\!\{\!\!\text{ 110}{{\text{ }\!\!\}\!\!\text{ }}_{\text{FCC}}}$. The two types of transformations both accommodate the strain along the < c> axis of the HCP matrix. With the proceeding of deformation, different deformation mechanisms were activated in the FCC and the HCP structures, respectively, which led to a faster grain refinement rate in the FCC structure than in the HCP matrix. Deformation twins with zero macroscopic strain were prevalent in the FCC domains produced by the B-type transformation, while deformation twins with macroscopic strain were normally observed in the FCC domains produced by the P-type transformation. This is in accordance with the lattice mismatches produced during phase transformation. The easy occurrence of deformation twinning in the FCC structure contributed significantly to the grain refinement process. In addition, the interaction between neighboring FCC domains produced by the two types of phase transformations also accelerated the grain refinement process.

Key words: Ti-Al alloy, Deformation mechanism, Phase transformation, Grain refinement, Deformation twinning