J Mater Sci Technol ›› 2008, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (04): 433-446.

• Research Articles •     Next Articles

Structural and Optical Properties and Emerging Applications of Metal Nanomaterials

Tammy Y.Olson, Jin Z.Zhang   

  1. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
  • Received:2008-04-23 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-07-28 Published:2009-10-10
  • Contact: Jin Z.Zhang

Abstract: Nanomaterials possess intriguing optical properties that depend sensitively on size, shape, and material content of the structures. Controlling such structural characteristics of the nanostructures allows the tailoring of their physical and chemical properties, e.g. optical, electronic, and catalytic, to achieve what is desired for specific applications of interest. This review will cover the development of various shapes for silver and gold nanomaterials with emphasis on their relation to optical properties. Examples of various modern synthetic methods and characterization techniques are highlighted. The influence of the metal nanomaterial′s shape and optical absorption on surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and a final note on new emerging applications of metal nanostructures are also discussed.

Key words: Nanomaterial, Metal nanostructure, Optical properties, Size and shape effect