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J Mater Sci Technol  2012, Vol. 28 Issue (2): 118-124    DOI:
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Flat Absorber Phosphorous Black Nickel Coatings for Space Applications
V. Maria Shalini, P. Arockiasamy, R. Uma Rani, A.K. Sharma
Thermal Systems Group, ISRO Satellite Centre, Vimanapura Post, Bangalore-560 017, India
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Abstract  A new process of flat absorber black nickel alloy coating was developed on stainless steel by electrodeposition from a bath containing nickel, zinc and ammonium sulphates; thiocyanate and sodium hypophosphite for space applications. Coating process was optimized by investigating the effects of plating parameters, viz concentration of bath constituents, current density, temperature, pH and plating time on the optical properties of the black deposits. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy showed the inclusion of about 6% phosphorous in the coating. The scanning electron microscopy studies revealed the amorphous nature of the coating. The corrosion resistance of the coatings was evaluated by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and
linear polarization (LP) techniques. The results revealed that, phosphorous addition confers better corrosion resistance in comparison to conventional black nickel coatings. The black nickel coating obtained from hypophosphite bath provides high solar absorptance (αs) and infrared emittance (εIR) of the order of 0.93. Environmental stability to space applications was established by the humidity and thermal cycling tests.
Key wordsPhosphorous black nickel alloy      Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy      Linear polarization      Solar absorptance      Infrared emittance     
Received: 17 August 2011      Published: 24 February 2012
Corresponding Authors: A.K. Sharma     E-mail:

Cite this article:

V. Maria Shalini, P. Arockiasamy, R. Uma Rani, A.K. Sharma. Flat Absorber Phosphorous Black Nickel Coatings for Space Applications. J Mater Sci Technol, 2012, 28(2): 118-124.

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