As a new solid state welding, pinless friction stir welding (PFSW) can be used to join thin-wall structures. In this study, four new pinless tools with different groove distributions were designed and manufactured in order to enrich technological storage of PFSW and obtain sound joint with high quality of alclad 2A12-T4 alloy. The results show that the small-obliquity tool is detrimental to the transfer of plasticized materials, resulting in the formation of kissing bond defect. For the through-groove tool or the large-curvature tool, bigger flashes form on the joint surface and alclad layer is observed in the nugget zone (NZ), deteriorating mechanical properties. Compared with the above-mentioned three tools, using the six-groove tool with rational curvature and obliquity can not only yield sound joint with small flashes and thickness reduction, but also prevent alclad from flowing into NZ, which has potential to weld thin alclad aluminum alloys. Meanwhile, the tensile strength and elongation of joint using the six-groove tool reach the maximum values of 362 MPa and 8.3%, up to 85.1% and 64% of BM.
Friction stir welding (FSW) was used to weld dissimilar Al-Mg-Si/Al-Zn-Mg aluminum alloys in this work. Influences of sheet configuration on microstructure and mechanical properties of the joints were mainly discussed. Results showed that rather different joint cross sections were obtained when using different sheet configurations. Coarser β' phases can be observed at the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the Al-Mg-Si alloy side, which was the main factor affecting the tensile properties and the fatigue properties. Tensile strengths of the dissimilar Al-Mg-Si/Al-Zn-Mg joints using both configurations were higher than that of the Al-Mg-Si FSW joint. When the Al-Zn-Mg alloy was located at the advancing side (AS), the joints owned better fatigue properties due to the bridging effect of the big secondary phase particles.
The effect of friction stir processing (FSP) on the pitting corrosion and the intergranular attack of 7075 aluminum alloy was investigated. Three friction stir processed samples were produced by employing a constant tool travel speed of 100?mm/min at the rotating speeds of 630, 1000 and 1600?rpm. It was demonstrated that the processed samples suffered from both pitting and intergranular corrosion. Also, the sample processed at 1600?rpm exhibited the best pitting corrosion resistance. For all FS processed samples, the corrosion attack in the heat affected zone was pitting corrosion, whereas no intergranular corrosion was detected in this area.